Tag Archives: whose teaching should followed

KALAMA SUTTA

Warning: this teaching is not intended as an endorsement for either radical skepticism or as for the creation of unreasonable personal truth

The instruction of the Kalamas (Kalama Sutta) is justly famous for its encouragement of free inquiry; the spirit of the sutta signifies a teaching that is exempt from fanaticism, bigotry, dogmatism, and intolerance ….\(^.^)/

The sutta starts off by describing how the Buddha passes through the village of Kesaputta (nowadays known as Kesariya, located in Bihar, India) and is greeted by its inhabitants, a clan called the Kalamas.

They ask for his advice: they say that many wandering holy men and ascetics pass through, expounding their teachings and criticizing the teachings of others. So whose teachings should they follow?

This is the Buddha’s response:

Do not go upon what has been acquired by repeated hearing,

nor upon tradition,
nor upon rumor,
nor upon what is in a scripture,
nor upon surmise,
nor upon an axiom,
nor upon specious reasoning,
nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered over,
nor upon another’s seeming ability,
nor upon the consideration, “The monk is our teacher.”
when you yourselves know: “These things are good; these things are not blamable; these things are praised by the wise; undertaken and observed, these things lead to benefit and happiness,” enter on and abide in them.’

Using Kalama Sutta, the Buddha named ten specific sources which knowledge should not be immediately viewed as truthful without further investigation to avoid fallacies:

  1. Oral history
  2. Traditional
  3. News sources
  4. Scriptures or other official texts
  5. Suppositional reasoning
  6. Philosophical dogmatism
  7. Common sense
  8. One’s own opinions
  9. Experts
  10. Authorities or one’s own teacher

Instead, the Buddha says, only when one personally knows that a certain teaching is skillful, blameless, praiseworthy, and conducive to happiness, and that it is praised by the wise, should one then accept it as true and practice it

Where-are-you-going_Jeremy Takody

KALAMA SUTTA (dalam Bahasa Indonesia)

Janganlah percaya begitu saja terhadap suatu berita,hanya karena anda telah mendengarnya.

Janganlah percaya begitu saja terhadap suatu tradisi, hanya karena telah dilakukan secara turun-temurun.

Janganlah percaya begitu saja terhadap sesuatu, hanya karena telah dibicarakan dan didesas-desuskan oleh banyak orang.

Janganlah percaya begitu saja terhadap sesuatu, hanya karena sudah tercatat di dalam kitab suci.

Janganlah percaya begitu saja terhadap sesuatu, hanya karena diwejangkan oleh para guru atau para tetua.

Tetapi setelah melakukan pengamatan dan kajian yang mendalam, sehingga  menemukan bahwa segala sesuatu tersebut beralasan, sesuai, dan berkaitan dengan hal- hal yang baik dan berguna, tidak tercela, yang mana kalau diteruskan, akan membawa kebahagiaan, maka selayaknya anda menerima dan hidup sesuai dengan hal-hal tersebut.

Sang Buddha (Anguttara Nikaya Vol. 1, 188-193)

*Ajaran ini tidak ditujukan sebagai pengesahan atas skeptisisme yang radikal, ataupun kebenaran pribadi yang tak beralasan.

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